Tips for Computer And Server Security
Computer security is a branch of computer technology known as information security applied to computers and networks. The security of custom Web servers, small business servers, and dedicated servers is in demand today. Everyone wants their data protected.
The basic security measures are as follows:
1. Choose a secure operating system – If you care about your data, choose a secure operating system.
2. Enable a strong BIOS password – The BIOS password locks the hard drive so that it can not simply be removed and reinstalled on a similar computer.
3. Use a personal firewall on your network – Enterprise networks protect their servers and desktops by configuring a firewall to prevent intruders from entering their systems through the company’s Internet connection .
4. Using the NTFS File System – Use the NTFS file system to protect your data from thieves who may be trying to access your data. FAT and FAT32 file systems do not support file-level security and offer hackers a large open door on your computer, Web server, Small Business Server, and dedicated server.
5. Disable guest account – Always double check that the guest account is not enabled. For added security, assign a complex password to the account and limit its 24×7 login.
6. Rename the administrator account – Renaming the administrator account will stop some amateur pirates and annoy the more determined ones.
7. Creating a Fictitious Administrator Account – Another strategy is to create a local account named “Administrator”, granting him no privileges and not being able to guess the 10-digit complex password.
8. Prevent viewing the last connected username – When you press Ctrl-Alt-Delete, a login dialog box appears. It displays the name of the last user connected to the computer and makes it easy to find a file. username that can be used later in an attack to guess the password.
9. Enable EFS (encrypted file system) – Make sure to enable encryption on folders, not just files. All files placed in this folder will be encrypted.
10. Disable the Wifi or the communication port.
11. Back up your data before you leave – Backing up your hard drive before you go can help you recover your data.
12. Consider using offline storage for the transport of sensitive documents.
Make security a habit
People are the weakest link in the security chain. If you care about your data, a good dose of paranoia will help you stay safe. Make a habit of locking your computer when you work or store it.